Nadir Arber states that colorectal cancer is a major health concern with 1.2 million new cases in 2017 and 50% fatal outcome. However, the disease can be prevented in 90% of the cases.
Lifestyle modifications and most importantly diet has proved efficiency in the prevention of colon cancer. The Mediterranean diet can be described with 10 components including four main factors which are high consumption of fish and seafood, low red meat, lot of fruits and vegetables, and finally low sugar. Studies have shown that following only 3 components already results in a risk reduction for colon cancer, and the addition of Mediterranean diet components continues to reduce the risk.
O-023: Mediterranean diet components are negatively associated with advanced colorectal polyps in a population-based case-control study
Produced by the European Society for Medical Oncology
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